Previous Mode of Education and Future Learning Style Preferences among Medical students: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors

  • Aqsa Saleem Shalamar Medical and Dental College
  • Sampana Fatima Shalamar Medical and Dental College
  • Abdullah Saleem FMH College Of Medicine and Dentistry
  • Iqra Saleem FMH College Of Medicine and Dentistry

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35845/abms.2024.1.321

Keywords:

Learning Styles, Medical Students, Index of Learning Style, Teaching Learning Strategies, VARK

Abstract

Objective                                                                                                                                       

To find the association of different learning styles with gender and previous mode of education among 1st and 2nd year medical students at a private medical college in Lahore, Pakistan.

Method

A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1st and 2nd year MBBS students of Shalamar Medical & Dental College. Data was collected using a validated questionnaire comprising 44 questions in four domains, active/reflective, visual/verbal, sequential/global, and sensitive/intuitive.

Results

The total number of participating students was 297, 132 were male and 165 were female. We found that students mostly preferred the active learning style over reflective and sequential over global, sensitive over intuitive, and visual over verbal. We also found that the previous mode of education was significantly associated with active/reflective and sensitive/intuitive.

Conclusion

Most of the students preferred visual overactive, sensitive, and sequential learning styles. The previous mode of education strongly impacts the preference for learning styles in professional academic careers. By adapting the previous mode of education of the majority of students in future institutions, the outcomes of academic scores and conceptual learning can be improved, which is vital to make a good doctor.

References

Mangold K, Kunze KL, Quinonez MM, Taylor LM, Tenison AJ. Learning style preferences of practicing nurses. Journal for nurses in professional development. 2018 Jul 1;34(4):212-8.

Ali S, Ahmad A, Munawar A, Waqas M. Learning Preferences among Medical and Physical Therapy Students: A Systematic Review. Journal of Bahria University Medical and Dental College. 2022;12(01):46-53.

Kulkarni B, Banerjee R, Raghunathan R. Why students should be taught differently: learner characteristics, learning styles and simulation performance. Simulation & Gaming. 2022 Feb;53(1):56-74.

Hu J, Peng Y, Chen X, Yu H. Differentiating the learning styles of college students in different disciplines in a college English blended learning setting. PLoS One. 2021 May 20;16(5):e0251545.

Al Shaikh A, Aldarmahi AA, Ebtehal AS, Subahi A, Ahmed ME, Hydrie MZ, Al-Jifree H. Learning styles and satisfaction with educational activities of Saudi Health Science University Students. Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences. 2019 Oct 1;14(5):418-24.

Baherimoghadam T, Hamedani S, Mehrabi M, Naseri N, Marzban N. The effect of learning style and general self-efficacy on satisfaction of e-Learning in dental students. BMC medical education. 2021 Dec;21:1-7.

Jawed S, Amin HU, Malik AS, Faye I. Classification of visual and non-visual learners using electroencephalographic alpha and gamma activities. Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience. 2019 May 7;13:86.

İlçin N, Tomruk M, Yeşilyaprak SS, Karadibak D, Savcı S. The relationship between learning styles and academic performance in TURKISH physiotherapy students. BMC medical education. 2018 Dec;18:1-8.

Liu HP, Liu YH. Learning styles of medical students from a university in China. BMC medical education. 2023 Apr 12;23(1):237.

Nurhayati N, Penna HT. The Correlation between Students Learning Styles and Their English Academic Achievement. SUMIKOLAH: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan. 2023 Jan 10;1(1):39-48.

Hydrie MZ, Naqvi SM. Assessing learning styles of medical students using Kolb’s learning style inventory and their association with preferred teaching methodologies. methods. 2021 Apr;8:9.

Bhalli MA, Khan IA, Sattar A. Learning style of medical students and its correlation with preferred teaching methodologies and academic achievement. Journal of Ayub Medical College Abbottabad. 2016 Dec 15;27(4):837-42.

Ismail I, Hasanuddin H, Chandra A. The Influence of thinking styles and learning styles on student learning achievement. Al-Ishlah: Jurnal Pendidikan. 2023 Jan 11;15(1):193-202.

Alaswad FA. Distribution, Deposition and Spatial Variability of Carbon in Soil using Carbon and Nitrogen Stable Isotopes.2018

Von Humboldt S, Leal I, Pimenta F. What predicts older adults’ adjustment to aging in later life? The impact of sense of coherence, subjective well-being, and sociodemographic, lifestyle, and health-related factors. Educational Gerontology. 2014 Sep 1;40(9):641-54.

Inam S, Haq A. Exploring the preferred learning styles among first and final year mbbs students using vark inventory At Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi. Health Professions Educator Journal. 2022 Apr 21;5(1):9-13.

Lwande C, Muchemi L, Oboko R. Identifying learning styles and cognitive traits in a learning management system. Heliyon. 2021 Aug 1;7(8).

Yi Y, Park YH. Factors related to subjective health status in community-dwelling older adults living alone on low income. Journal of muscle and joint health. 2022;29(3):205-17.

Icht M, Taitelbaum-Swead R, Mama Y. Production improves visual and auditory text memory in younger and older adults. Gerontology. 2022 May 17;68(5):578-86.

Mousavi SK, Javadzadeh A, Hasankhani H, Parizad ZA. Relationship between learning styles and clinical competency in nursing students. BMC Medical Education. 2024 Apr 26;24(1):469.

Alfonso VC, DuPaul GJ. Introduction: The importance of early childhood development, education, and Intervention 2020

Bin Eid A, Almutairi M, Alzahrani A, Alomair F, Albinhamad A, Albarrak Y, Alzuaki M, Alyahya S, Bin Abdulrahman K. Examining learning styles with gender comparison among medical students of a Saudi University. Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2021 Mar 31:309-18.

Nessipbayeva O, Egger R. A comparative study of teaching style and infrastructure of learning of higher education in Austria and Kazakhstan. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2015 Jul 25;197:1271-7.

Rezigalla AA, Ahmed OY. Learning style preferences among medical students in the College of Medicine, University of Bisha, Saudi Arabia (2018). Advances in medical education and practice. 2019 Sep 6:795-801.

Moreira F, Ferreira MJ. Profile-oriented algorithms teaching: a proposed methodology. In2015 10th Iberian Conference on Information Systems and Technologies (CISTI) 2015 Jun 17 (pp. 1-4).

Published

2024-06-21

How to Cite

Saleem, A., Fatima, S. ., Saleem, A., & Saleem, I. (2024). Previous Mode of Education and Future Learning Style Preferences among Medical students: A Cross-Sectional Study. ADVANCES IN BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES, 8(1), 28–33. https://doi.org/10.35845/abms.2024.1.321