To know the number of various thyroid lesions both neoplastic and non-neoplastic in a tertiary
care hospital of Peshawar.
It was a retrospective record-based study conducted at Lady reading Hospital (LRH) Peshawar
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Histopathological reports of all the thyroidectomy specimens received from
1st January 2019 to 31st December 2019 in the Department of Pathology were included in this study.
Data regarding patient’s age, sex, type of thyroidectomy and histopathological diagnosis was
collected from the record of the laboratory, recorded into Microsoft excel and analyzed by statistical
This study included a total of 120 thyroidectomy. The highest frequency of lesions was seen in
the fourth and fifth decades (32.74%) with a female predominance (88.38%). Non neoplastic
lesions were 106 (88.7%) while neoplastic lesions were 14 (11.7%). Nodular colloid goiter was
the commonest non neoplastic lesion while papillary thyroid carcinoma was the most common
neoplastic lesion. Follicular adenoma was the most common benign lesion.
Histopathological audit, of various thyroid lesions is important both for surgeons and
pathologists to make them aware about the common and uncommon thyroid lesions in the
setup. Moreover, it can also be used for preventive strategies for various thyroid diseases.
Thyroidectomy, thyroid lesions, neoplastic, thyroiditis, papillary carcinoma
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